Thrombocytopenia is a condition in which there is a deficient number of circulating platelets. Platelets are cells in the blood that help blood to clot. This condition is sometimes associated with abnormal bleeding. The blood usually contains about 140,000 to 440,000 platelets per microliter. Bleeding can occur with relatively minor trauma when the platelet count falls below about 50,000 platelets per microliter of blood. Generally speaking a normal platelet count ranges from 150,000 and 450,000 per mm. Many factors can influence an individual's platelet count including exercise and racial origin. The average life span of a platelet in the blood is 10 days. Symptoms of Thrombocytopenia include bruising ,bleeding ,clotting failure ,petechiae (reddish purple spots) and bleeding into skin.
Thrombocytopenia often occurs as a result of a separate disease or disorder. Thrombocytopenia may be accompanied by varying degrees of anemia (low red blood cells) and leukopenia (low white blood cells). The most common causes of decreased platelet production are marrow aplasia (when the marrow is not developing naturally), fibrosis (an abnormal formation) or infiltration with malignant cells. Many common drugs can cause thrombocytopenia. Many chemotherapeutic agents are cytotoxic and depress megakaryocyte production. Ingestion of large quantities of alcohol has a similar marrow-depressing effect leading to transient thrombocytopenia. The syndrome is particularly common in binge drinkers. Dengue fever can cause thrombocytopenia.
In some situations, medications or surgery can help treat chronic thrombocytopenia. Corticosteroids may be used to increase platelet production. Lithium carbonate or folate may also be used to stimulate the bone marrow production of platelets. Platelet transfusions may be used to stop episodic abnormal bleeding caused by a low platelet count. However, if platelet destruction results from an immune disorder, platelet infusions may have only a minimal effect and may be reserved for life-threatening bleeding. Splenectomy may be necessary to correct thrombocytopenia caused by platelet destruction. A splenectomy should significantly reduce platelet destruction because the spleen acts as the primary site of platelet removal and antibody production.
Thrombocytopenia Treatment and Prevention Tips
1. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
2. Avoid medications, such as aspirin, and herbal supplements.
3. Use a very soft toothbrush when cleaning teeth; and avoid brushing vigorously.
4. Try to avoid injury when using tools, scissors, needles, knives, or when shaving.
5. Avoid or curtail activities that might result in injury, including sexual activity.
6. Corticosteroids may be used to increase platelet production.
7. Platelet transfusions may be used to stop episodic abnormal bleeding.
8. When cleaning your nose avoid blowing your nose, or blow very gently into a soft tissue.
9. Lithium carbonate or folate may also be used to stimulate the bone marrow production of platelets.
Hot Topics In Alternative Medicine
The number three is ruled by the priest of the celestials - Jupiter Jove or
Those born on 3 12 21 30 are all having 3 as their birth number.
- Parkinson's Disease - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Methods
- Triphala: The Cure of All Sorrows
- Boils Diagnosis and Treatment
- Ulcerative Colitis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Methods
- New alternative hair loss treatment technique significantly improving Rogaine effect.
- How Acai Berries Can Keep You Looking Younger For Longer
- Conventional Medical Treatment for Hives
- Aromatherapy's Core Antidepressant: Sweet-Tart Bergamot
- Plastic Surgery
- The Health Benefits of Daily Meditation
- Rose Hip Oil Benefits and Tips
- Should I Use the 101E acne getaway product for my pimples?
- Temporal Arteritis Information
- Brown Spots Information and Prevention
- Lyme- Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
- The Difference between Ethanol and Trifluoroethanol
- How to cure Asthma at home
- Therapeutic Benefit of Manuka Honey in Wound Care
- Devil's Claw - Uses and Side Effects
- Alternative Healing
- Attention Deficit Disorders
- Beach Workouts
- Beauty Products
- Bipolar Disorder
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Chronic Fatigue
- Dark Circles
- Dengue Fever
- Dry Skin
- Edward's Syndrome
- Energy Healing
- Esophageal Cancer
- Fitness Diets
- Food Safety
- Gastric Cancer
- Heart Failure
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Leg Cramps
- Lip Care
- Martial Arts
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Prostate Cancer
- Psychological Health
- Reye's Syndrome
- Spotted Fever
- Strength Training
- Testicular Cancer
- Time Line Therapy
- Tooth Whitening
- Alternative A-Z | Beauty A-Z | Disease & Conditions A-Z | Fitness A-Z | Health A-Z | Home Life A-Z | Medicine A-Z | Remedies A-Z | Disease Therapy A-Z
- Health Topics | Articles | Encyclopedia | Glossaries | Directories | Archives | Rss Channel | Blog | China Health Online | 365 Health Online | InfoDaily
- ADHD Remedies
- Alternative Medicine
- Ayurvedic Medicine
- Chinese Medicine
- Complementary Medicine
- Emergency Medicine
- Family Medicine
- Flower Remedies
- Folk Medicine
- Healing Remedies
- Healthy Recipes
- Herbal Medicines
- Herbal Remedies
- Herbs Medicine
- Holistic Remedies
- Home Remedies
- Integrated Medicine
- Natural Remedies
- Naturopathic Medicine
- Tibetan Medicine
- Western Medicine